Road to NATO
The road of the Republic of North Macedonia to NATO
– The cooperation with NATO began in December 1993 when the Parliament of the Republic of North Macedonia passed a Resolution on the accession of the Republic of Macedonia to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
– In November 1995, R. Macedonia joined the Partnership for Peace (PfP) and in June 1996 a Liaison Office of the Republic of Macedonia in NATO was opened.
– In April 1997 – Republic Macedonia acceded to the PARP, and the same year, in November 1997 the Mission of the Republic of Macedonia to NATO was opened in Brussels, the Kingdom of Belgium.
– In April 1999 – at NATO Summit in Washington, R. Macedonia officially became a candidate country for NATO membership. Since then, taking into account the consensus of all political actors in the country and the high public support for NATO membership, R. Macedonia has been building a relationship with the Alliance, using all the tools and modalities at its disposal.
– In August 2002 – R. Macedonia deployed for the first time two peacekeepers in the ISAF mission in Afghanistan, and in May 2003 -Macedonia, Albania and Croatia, along with the United States signed the Charter for Partnership (Adriatic Charter).
– In April 2008 – At NATO Summit in Bucharest, the progress of the Republic of Macedonia and the fulfillment of the membership criteria were confirmed, yet the invitation was not sent. The conclusions of the summit noted that the invitation will be sent to the RM once a mutually acceptable solution to the name dispute with R. Greece has been found.
– Att the respective NATO summits in 2009 (Strasbourg and Kehl), 2010 (Lisbon), 2012 (Chicago), 2014 (Wales) and 2016 (Warsaw), the contribution of the Republic of Macedonia to the international NATO-led operations and its support to the achievement of Alliance objectives were continually welcomed, reaffirming the position that the invitation for membership will be sent once a mutually acceptable solution to the name dispute with R. Greece has been found.
– At the meeting held on 25 December 2017, the Parliament of the Republic of Macedonia adopted a Declaration on accelerated reform and integration processes for accession into the EU and NATO (Officiial Gazette 192 of 12.26.2017).
– In accordance with NATO recommendations, the Government has taken concrete steps to increase the defence budget in continuity, starting from 2018, by 0.2 percent annually to reach the target of allocating 2% of GDP for defence.
– On 11-12 July 2018, at NATO Summit in Brussels, the Republic of Macedonia officially received an invitation to open accession negotiations for NATO membership.
– On 19 July 2018, the Parliament adopted on its 57 session the Declaration to support the accession process for membership of the Republic of Macedonia in NATO.
– On 25 July 2018, the NATO delegation led by James Mackay, Head of the Office of Euro-Atlantic and Global Partnership in the Political Affairs and Security Policy Division at NATO HQ, visited the Republic of Macedonia, marking thus the start of the accession talks. NATO Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Security Policy (ASG PASP), Ambassador Alejandro Alvargonzales, was appointed to lead the NATO team for the Accession Talks with the Republic of Macedonia.
– On 1 August 2018 the NATO Plan for the implementation of the accession process was submitted to the RM.
– On 5 September 2018, the Government of the Republic of Macedonia, at its 86th regular session, established the Committee for Macedonia’s integration into NATO. The Committee is chaired by Prime Minister Zoran Zaev and his deputies are: Deputy Prime Minister and MOD Radmila Shekerinska, Deputy Prime Minister for European Affairs, Bujar Osmani and MFA Nikola Dimitrov. In addition, a Working Committee for the integration of R. Macedonia in NATO was set up chaired by the National Coordinator for the preparation of R. Macedonia for NATO membership Stevo Pendarovski, as well as a Secretariat.
– The Program for Continuation of Reforms was drafted and it includes reforms in the areas of the rule of law, human rights, fight against corruption and organized crime, activities for reform of the Army and activities for implementation of the legal and financial obligations ensuing from NATO membership.
– On 5-6 September 2018, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg paid an official visit to the Republic of Macedonia, the first after the country received an invitation for membership. During his visit, Secretary General Stoltenberg welcomed the Government efforts and sent a message that the full-fledged membership was dependent on the outcome of the referendum and the implementation of the Prespa Agreement.
– On 18-19 October 2018, at a meeting in Brussels completed the accession talks between R. Macedonia and NATO were formally completed.
– On 6 December 2018, the Program for Continuation of the Reforms was presented at the meeting of Deputy Permanent Representatives of NATO member countries. The presentation closed the second stage of the accession process.
– On 21 January 2019, MFA Nikola Dimitrov sent a letter to NATO SecGen Jens Stoltenberg expressing the country’s readiness to accept and respect the obligations and commitments for our country’s accession to NATO, thus formally expressing interest in receiving an invitation to join NATO. The Program for Continuation of the Reforms was officially attached to the letter.
– On 6 February 2019, the Permanent Representatives of the 29 NATO member states at NATO Headquarters signed the NATO Accession Protocol for the Republic of North Macedonia. The signing of the Accession Protocol marked the next stage in the accession process, ratification of the Protocol by the national parliaments and institutions of the member states.
– On 13 and 14 February 2019, Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of North Macedonia and Defense Minister Radmila Shekerinska attended the NATO meeting in the format of Defence Ministers in Brussels, the Kingdom of Belgium, being for the first time a senior official of the country to take part in a ministerial session which is open only to NATO members.
– On 4 December 2019, in London, Prime Minister of the Republic of North Macedonia, Zoran Zaev, led the delegation from our country that participated in the NATO Leadership Summit for the first time.
– On 11 February 2020, the Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia ratified the Protocol on NATO membership. Without none against or abstaining, 114 members of parliament unanimously voted “in favour” of the membership of our country in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
– On 12 February 2020, the President of the Republic of North Macedonia, Stevo Pendarovski signed the Decree promulgating the Law on the Ratification of the North Atlantic Treaty.
– On 17 March 2020, under specific conditions for the European continent and the world, by organizing a video – conference call for the first time ever, the Spanish Senate voted “in favour” of the ratification on the membership of the Republic of North Macedonia in the Alliance, thus completing the ratification process of this protocol by all NATO member countries. It just two days, Spain deposited the protocol in Washington, the USA.
– On 20 March 2020, President Pendarovski signed the Instrument of Accession of the Republic of North Macedonia to NATO.
– On 27 March 2020, the Republic of North Macedonia became a full-fledged member of the largest military and political alliance in the world – NATO.
– On 30 March 2020, the flag of the Republic of North Macedonia was raised at the NATO Headquarters in Brussels, the Allied Command Operations headquarters in SHAPE – Mons and the Allied Command Transformation in Norfolk, Virginia.
– NATO Liaison Office in Skopje seated in the Ministry of Defense was active until April 2020, and its last the Head of the Liaison Office was Colonel Zoran Jankovic.
– The Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia was the last NATO Point Contact Embassy for the Republic of North Macedonia
–  At its 135 session, the Government of Republic of North Macedonia established the termination of the mandate of Stevo Pendarovski as the National Coordinator for preparation of the Republic of North Macedonia for NATO membership given his election as the President of the Republic of North Macedonia. In addition, it adopted the information that pending the full fledged membership of our country in NATO, the obligations of the National Coordinator for preparation of the Republic of North Macedonia for NATO membership are taken over by Dane Taleski, Foreign Policy Adviser to the Prime Minister of the Republic of North Macedonia Zoran Zaev.
- Macedonia and the Membership Action Plan (MAP)
- Macedonia became a full-time NATO membership candidate at the Washington Summit
- Macedonia in the PfP program – an enhanced and more operational partnership
- Macedonia – member of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council